Genital Herpes is caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2).
How does the transmission occur?
A person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection and HSV-1 infection of the genitals can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection
What are the signs and symptoms?
They typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur.Other signs and symptoms during the primary episode may include a second crop of sores, and flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands.
What is the treatment?
There is no treatment that can cure herpes, but antiviral medications can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication.
How can herpes be prevented?
The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital herpes, is to abstain from sexual contact, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.