Wednesday, April 28, 2010


What is leukopenia?
It happens when there is a decrease in the number of white blood cells (leukocytes) found in the blood, which places individuals at increased risk of infection. So then, what are the functions of the white blood cells?

What?(causes of Leukopenia)

-Leukopenia is caused by by overuse of neutrophils or reduction in the number of neutrophils or white blood cells known as (leukocytes). Other causes may be chemotherapy, radiation therapy, leukemia, myelofibrosis, aplastic anemia, influenza, Hodgkin's lymphoma, some types of cancer, malaria, tuberculosis and dengue. Sometimes, luekopenia is also caused due to Rickettsial infections, enlargement of the spleen, folate deficiencies, psittacosis and sepsis. Other causes are deficiency in certain minerals, such as copper and zinc.

What happens when there is a lack of white blood cells?

How?(does the component affected in the disease)

-The most common indicator of leukopenia is neutropenia. It is a sub-type of leukopenia. In neotropenia, there is a reduction in the number of neutrophils (the most abundant white blood cells). The neutrophil count is also the most common indicator of an infection risk. If leukopenia is mild, the person will hardly exhibit any symptom, only in severe cases the symptoms start showing up. The normal count of white blood cells in the body is between 4x109 and 1.1x1010 in one liter of blood. In leukopenia, this count is much lower. Diagnosis of leukopenia can be done by a complete blood count. Leukopenia weakens the immune system and puts a high risk of infections.

What?(function of the blood structure)

-White blood cells(WBCs) or leukocytes are cells of the immune system defending the body against both infectious diseases and foreign materials.Five different and diverse types of leukocytes exist, but they are all produced and derived from a multipotent cell in the bone marrow known as a hematopoietic stem cell. Leukocytes are found throughout the body, including the blood and lymphatic system.

There are many types of white blood cell like:

How?(Comparism of Blood Structure differs from the others)

White blood cells are colorless without haemoglobin. It contains a nucleus and has an irregular shape. Though there are fewer white blood cells than red blood cells, they are much bigger in size. They can change their shape easily and this allows them to squeeze through walls of the blood vessels into the inter-cellular spaces.

How?(Effects of the Disease)

-septic shock
-unable to fight against bacteria

How?(is the technology used to facilitate the analysis so as to improve lifestyle)

-help people by reducing their pain
-prevents effects of the diseases as mentioned above
-cure them from illness

What?(treatments of this disease)
-steroids or vitamins to stimulate the bone marrow into producing more neutrophils.
-Cytonine therapy and chemotheraphy
-In more extreme cases, the patient will be prescribed with a cocktail of drugs suiting the situation.

Nutrients such as:
-Antioxidant vitamins
-Omega-3 fatty acids
-Shark liver oil
-Copper and zinc

  • Vitamin B12—2000 to 4000 mcg daily, orally or sublingually, in the form of methylcobalamin
  • Zinc—30 milligrams (mg) daily
  • Copper—2 to 3 mg daily
  • Selenium—200 micrograms (mcg) daily

For folic acid deficiency anemia:

For iron deficiency anemia:

  • Iron Protein Plus—300 mg of iron protein succinate, equivalent to 15 mg of elemental iron per capsule daily
  • Zinc—30 mg daily
  • Copper—2 to 3 mg daily
  • Selenium—200 mcg daily

To help maintain healthy blood (including healthy platelets and white blood cells):

  • Shark liver oil—500-1000mg [containing 20% alkylgycerols (100-200mg)] a day.
  • Vitamin C—2000 mg daily
  • Vitamin E—400 international units (IU) daily
  • Vitamin A—3000 IU daily
  • Zinc—30 to 60 mg daily
  • Copper—2 to 3 mg daily
  • Selenium—200 mcg daily
  • Folate and vitamin B12—800 mcg of folate and 300 mcg of vitamin B12 daily
  • Fish oil—Two 600-mg soft-gel capsules of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) twice daily (for a total of 2400 mg daily)
  • Melatonin—20 mg daily

google images

Proudly Done by GROUP 3(THE FIRST)
  • Ong Bing Jue(Point 5,4 and 3 improvement)
  • (Gather information and put them together)
  • Kristin Chai (Point 6 ONLY!!!!!)
  • Soe Yan Nauang @ NORMAN (Point 1 and 2)
  • Celine Chee (Point 3)
  • Eugene Liow (Photos)
  • Aaron Sng (Video)
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